Oceans cover 71% of the Earth’s surface and is responsible for absorbing roughly 25% of all the CO2 emissions created by humans. This results in a process called ocean acidification which is causing a number of dangerous problems for our marine life and habitats.
However, there are many ways we can help get involved in protecting our oceans all over the world on a daily basis. Whether you are a seasoned diver or an swimming sceptic, you can do your part to help keep our oceans clean and safe.
1. Be Aware of Your Carbon Footprint
The production of greenhouse gases – like carbon dioxide, methane and water vapour – is mostly the result of human activity. The build-up of these gases in the atmosphere means that too much of the heat emitted by the sun is trapped in the Earth’s atmosphere.
These gases, particularly CO2 are responsible for a large number of issues in our oceans. The CO2 reacts with the water and created carbonic acid which then results in the oceans acidity increasing. This causes a number of flow on problems such as increasing temperatures and rising sea levels.
This acidification process is largely responsible for the bleaching of our globes beautiful coral reefs because the coral cannot survive in high temperatures or acidic water.
By reducing your emissions and choosing to go green, you can help reduce our overall greenhouse gas emissions.
2. Reduce your Plastic Use
This one is easier than one might thing. Opt of biodegradable plastics or glass instead and if that is not possible (which it should be) choose to wash and reuse your plastic containers and goods for as long as possible.
The Two Oceans Aquarium states that there are 500 times more pieces of microplastic – tiny pieces of plastic – in the ocean than there are stars in our galaxy. This causes a number of issues for our marine life who often end up eating and choking on these tiny pieces of plastic.
Reject the use of single use plastics and stop this insanely high number from climbing even higher.
3. Cut Down On Toxic Chemicals
When oils and chemicals aren’t disposed of properly, they can find their way into our oceans, causing pollution and affecting marine life. This, as you can imagine, often ends up being ingested or aspirated by our marine life and causes them to become sick and often die.
Take note of the oils and chemicals you use and check the packaging to see how to dispose of them safely. Toxic materials, like motor oil and household cleaning chemicals, can’t just be poured down the drain. But you can get rid of them at drop-off sites designed for this purpose.
You could also switch to more environmentally-friendly cleaning products that break down in the environment, instead of sticking around and contributing towards environmental pollution.